CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGES WILL HAVE TO BE MADE TO IMPLEMENT PARTS OF THIS POLICY
Why another political party?
The answer to this is more obvious than it may initially seem. Politics need to change to responsible governance in a true partnership with voters that leads to more development and less control. Renewing South Africa has a vision to change South Africa by 50 years in only 5. Through the correct policies and delivery, we will transform South Africa in 5 years. It is time for governance and not politics, building and developing, creating safe communities with infrastructure that will create job opportunities. The devolution of power from a centralized system to semi-autonomous regions will empower people at grass-roots to develop through local empowerment. Less national interference and more local empowerment will ensure partnerships to develop infrastructure and create employment.
A renewed South Africa
RSA.P is not promoting a new South Africa that has hardly changed but a renewed South Africa. This implies:
- The way we think about ourselves as South Africans – People with a capacity to develop and not relying on state grants.
- The way we see people – We are looking for partners, not members; we do not consider people as “masses”, but as individuals, families and communities in partnership with government.
- The way we see politics – not as a vehicle of self-enriching an elite but as a vehicle to develop and renew South Africa.
- The way we see governance – Minimizing government interference by creating a two tier government in a confederate structure where communities are empowered.
This means doing away with:
- Large cabinet, provincial governments and municipalities and creating semi-autonomous regional governments. It is foreseen that there will be about 24 to 30 such regions with their own executives. Regions will be formed on the recommendations of the Demarcation Board. Each region will retain the current municipal technical and service components in partnership with communities and the private sector for service delivery and projects.
- The national assembly will consist of two chambers. The first chamber, the National house of delegates, will consist of 4 delegates elected within each Region
- The second Chamber, the House of Regions, consists of elected members from Regions based on a party proportional basis to a maximum of 100 delegates.
- National cabinet, appointed by the prime minister will be limited to approximately 8 to 10 departments (Health, Defence, Foreign Affairs, Finance and Regional Development, Roads and Transport, Environmental Conservation, Water Management, Energy and Country Safety) and the President will be elected by the people on a separate ballot paper.
- Regional delegates will be elected on a constituency basis which forms the Regional House of Representatives . Regions will have a maximum of 30 elected representatives, based on the demarcated constituencies and a governor will be elected by the elected delegates combined with the proportional delegates in a joint sitting. The governor in each region will appoint an executive of no more than 10 members from the elected members (not from the national delegates). Each Region has its own Regional House of Delegates.
Financing a Renewed South Africa
The South African Reserve Bank will be changed to the South African Monetary Security Agency. The Agency will be run by an independent board, consisting of one representative of each of the Regions nominated by the Regional House of Delegates from qualified individuals from Civil society who are not elected members of any political structure. Furthermore, one representative from each sector namely, agriculture, mining, organised business, and three women, three students and three pensioners will be appointed by the House of Regions. The governor of the South African Monetary Security Agency and deputy will be elected by a simple majority.
Ordinary shareholding will be granted to South African partners but the majority shareholding must be South African.
A general reduction in tax by reducing government spending. Regions will raise their own taxes.
A central redistribution fund will be created, to which regions will contribute to cross-subsidise poorer regions until they are sustainable entities.
A once off tax of not more than 5% may be collected for special projects on one month’s turnover for businesses, based on the average monthly turnover of the previous financial year and one month’s salary of employees. This may not occur more than once per year. This will be done in all regions and paid into the distribution fund. Three months’ notification of such a levy will be given by the government.
A debt repayment moratorium with no extra interest will be negotiated with international institutions to fund the 5 year plan to implement the new government structures This will not preclude payments should government be able to do so.
Education is a regional competency and starts with pre-natal education of mothers and babies. Information on nutrition, alcohol and substance abuse, and relaxing exercises must form part of the pre-natal program. Family cohesion and management will be part of the program. Fathers will be encouraged to attend at least one session per week with their spouses.
Using technology and distance learning are advocated.
School at primary level will be in vernacular language up to grade 3, thereafter it will be in vernacular and English up to grade 7. A third language will be introduced from based on each region’s language preference.
After grade 12, there will be a year of training in schools of a cross-disciplinary nature to prepare learners for their future, this will be blended with exposure to practitioners such as lawyers, medical professionals, business people, engineers and farmers.. This advanced year of education will be credit bearing for exemptions at tertiary institutions as far as these are relevant to the selected course. Assessments will determine whether learners will enter a vocational or academic institution or enter the labour market.
A national tertiary council will be constituted by delegates nominated from regions to oversee tertiary education.
Each family will receive redeemable education coupons to subsidise education.
Renewing South Africa encourages economic growth within an environmental conservation policy with regions being able to promote their niche markets. Ad hoc regional committees meet to co-ordinate aspects such as construction of multi-regional projects such as dams, power generation through a preference for renewable energy. Minimum interference in regional policy is advocated apart from issues that affects national interests such safety and health requirements. No gambling will be allowed and the lotto will be discontinued.
The Environment, Water, Agriculture and Conservation
Regions are obliged to constitute land and agricultural committees. Land claims and restitution must be funded from within regions. Food security takes priority over restitution and where land is transferred, a support plan must be in place to sustain food production. Land water and air purity, together with bio-diversity and habitat protection form part of any agricultural and land usage. Mining must not deplete natural resources that endanger the environment and any life source or organisms in eco-systems. The use of herbicides, pesticides and fertilizer will be phased out as far as it does not threaten food security. Farming practices based on destabilizing land surfaces and dehydrating soil must be phased out.
Water must be preserved and RSA.P will negotiate with SADC countries to buy water and pipe it to South Africa. Water scare areas will be connected to a water reticulation system.
Plans for houses above a certain square meter surface must incorporate a water reserve as part of the plans,
Each region will have a regional police service with a sector policing approach. A national police commissioner providing specialised support services such as training, forensic services and intelligence to regions will be appointed by regional consensus. A national police liaison forum will co-ordinate police matters of national concern. The national minister of Country Safety will chair this forum and delegate responsible for Safety to Regional Executives who will be ex officio members of the Forum. The forum may make decisions that are binding on regional police services and may prepare legislation for national mandates. Each region should have at least four local courts and one regional court. Regions will jointly fund a high court and there will be an ad hoc appeals court constituted with at least three high court judges. A constitutional court will be maintained. Structures such as the Human Rights Commission and Auditor General will operate on a national basis.
A national air force, navy and permanent army will be maintained. Each region will contribute volunteers per annum, who have completed the extra post grade 12 year and may be used for regional needs such as anti-poaching, border protection and rural safety. This year of national service will entail credit bearing training that may be used at tertiary level.
Transport over land, sea and air is a national competency and regions will budget together with the national minister to fund their portion of projects. The national fleet of aircraft and facilities will be privatised. Metropolitan areas within regions must develop a transport system that will focus on subways, trams and buses and must reach into townships. Current taxis will be contracted for schools, universities and tourism.
Primary healthcare will focus on clean air, clean water and uncontaminated food. Additives that have been proved to be harmful will be prohibited in food.
Each region shall have clinics and at least one general hospital in partnership with private institutions. A number of regions will, together with private enterprise, fund a hospital with specialized services.
Housing will be built by communities in partnerships with regions and private enterprises. Training will be provided and skills development are a pre-requisite for projects. First-time home owners will not be taxed on their property to a value to be determined.
Referenda may be used to consult partners on major government decisions.
South Africa will align itself to countries that are true democracies with a devolution of power. It will promote fundamental principles of equality and freedom from harm. Countries where the rights of the unborn are protected, as well as children’s rights, and women’s equality are respected, will receive first priority in foreign relations.
Renewed South Africa Party holds a Christian world-view but respects religious freedom.
END OF DRAFT POLICY